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Svetunkov S.

PhD in Economic, Professor, Higher School of Economics

The theory of competition: the abstarct and the idialized

To continue the discussion of the article «The Essence of Competition** the editors of the journal publish Sergey Gennadievich Svetunjkov's, a famous Russian scientist's opinion on the reasons why Friedrich von Hayek's article convincing one to reject the model of «the perfect competition» did not make economists come to the same conclusion. Why 60 years after its publication do the majority of contemporary authors of text-books and scientific publications use «the perfect competition» as some benchmark inherent in the perfect market economy, and on its basis work out idealized models that contrast reality, and consider them perfect?


Patrimonial entrepreneurial networks and competitive struggle

The article examines peculiarities of formation of patrimonial entrepreneurial networks in the modern Russian conditions and their impact on competition. Authors explained measures to establish a competitive environment in conditions of existence of patrimonial entrepreneurial networks.


Methodological problems of measuring competition

Methodological problems of measuring competition The article is devoted to the problems of measuring the competition. Existing approaches to measuring competition on the basis of the indices of the market are analysed. The inadequacy or inconsistency of application of existing indicators for making competitive solutions are demonstrated. Usage the methodology of the process approach to competition are served for measuring competition.

On the question of the basic definitions of the theory of entrepreneurship

The article considers the problem of determining the basic concepts of the theory of entrepreneurship. With the help of a comparative analysis of definitions of the term «entrepreneur» made classics of the economic, sociological and psychological science, they identify the distinctive features of the entrepreneur from other business people. With the help of the entrepreneur lifecycle model these distinctive features are summarized in a single system and provides a more precise definition of the concept of «entrepreneur». It has been shown that as a result of the refinement of a fundamentally new conceptual apparatus of enterprise many of the phenomena of business theory are easily explainable.

A new approach to the assessment of the level of competition

The article is devoted to the presentation of a new approach to assessing the level of competition. It is because of measurement is not subjected to the concentration of market power and the nature of the distribution of market power in the market. At the heart of the new competition, the level meter is cal-mathematical model of Gauss, based on which the normal distribution random magnitude was described in one hundred-mathematical statistics. For practical use of the new approach to assessing the level of competition in the markets of the model generated by two parameters, which make economic sense and practical applicability are discussed in the article.

The bases of the theory of multi-level competition and its instrumental base

The article is devoted to the presentation of the methodological foundations of the theory of multilevel competition and the justification of a set of new methods and coefficients for analyzing the level of competition in individual markets and in the market of multilevel competition as a whole (by the example of a two-level market). The necessity of forming such methodological foundations of the theory of multilevel competition is justified by an analysis of the axiomatic kernel of modern theory. This analysis showed that the axiomatics of the theory is outdated, requires careful adjustment, and the theory itself — its reorientation, taking into account the new achievements of economic science. The proposed approach is based on the consideration of a two-level market using the balance method. This method is generally a two-dimensional table for the production of goods and their distribution among intermediaries who act as buyers of goods in the B2B wholesale market and a two-dimensional table for the sale of goods by intermediaries in the B2C market to end-segmented consumers. Here the author provides a general conceptual approach to the analysis of multilevel competition, on the basis of which the structure of the market of each level is presented in a structured tabular form. On this basis, modernized and adapted concentration indices, used in competition theory to measure the level of competition, are proposed — three- and four-point concentration indices and the Herfindahl- Hirschman index. The directions of the further development of the tool base for analyzing the state of competition at each level of the multilevel market and in the multilevel market as a whole are shown. A general analytical economic and mathematical model of multilevel competition is proposed, on the basis of which the researcher can conclude that competition is in the multilevel market as a whole.